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The Thought on Good Living. Between Indigenism, Socialism and Post-Developmentalism

Ana Patricia Cubillo-Guevara, Antonio Luis Hidalgo-Capitán and José Andrés Domínguez-Gómez

This article analyzes the different schools of thought on the Good Living and tries to answer the question: what are the different schools that we can identify within the thought on the Good Living? For this aim, we have taken as hypothesis that such thought is divided into several schools.

In order to explore the complexity of the Good Living thought, we have created a typology of schools of that thought from the competing paradigms approach and we have verified their existence through the making and analysis of cognitive map of an author in each school.

The first approach is that indigenous intellectuals have issued under Sumak Kawsay expression. The second one is a variant of the XXI Century Socialism, called “Socialism of Sumak Kawsay”, proposed by the Government of Ecuador, or Andean Communitary Socialism”, proposed by the Government of Bolivia. And the third one is that which considers the Good Living as an “utopia for (re)construct” or an “alternative to development” to “germinate”, with an eclectic approach.

After locating the main intellectuals of thought on Good Living (Pablo Dávalos, René Ramírez and Alberto Acosta), we have reviewed their main contributions and represented their thought through cognitive maps. Through these maps, we identify the three mentioned schools. The cognitive map of Dávalos shows that his thought corresponds to the indigenist school of Good Living. The cognitive map of Ramírez shows that his thought corresponds to the socialist school of Good Living. And the cognitive map of Acosta shows that his thought corresponds to the post-developmentalist school of Good Living.

At the end, we have concluded that the thought on the Good Living is divided into three schools, the indigenist, the socialist and post-developmentalist, and those correspond to three different epistemological frameworks, the Andean worldview (or ancestral indigenous thought), the modernism (or thought of Modernity) and the post-modernism (or thought of the Post-modernity). However, these schools are variants of a leftist thought on the Good Living.

Key words: Development Styles; Political Ideology; Multiculturalism; Socialism; Indigenous Population; Ecuador; Bolivia

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