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Usted está aquí: Inicio Acerca del CLAD Publicaciones Revista del CLAD Reforma y Democracia Artículos por número publicado 037, Febrero 2007 Decentralization in Chile 1990-2005: Pending Subject

Decentralization in Chile 1990-2005: Pending Subject

Mario Waissbluth, Cristian Leyton and José Inostroza

This paper is inscribed within the larger framework of an investigation about the reform of the State in Chile, from 1990 to 2005. More than 80 leaders from government, opposition parties, industry associations, academicians and labor unions were interviewed. This document develops a historical synthesis of the decentralization process and some explanatory hypothesis about its evolution.

The decentralization process has been poorly evaluated by the interviewees, obtaining the second worst rating amongst 38 areas of government intervention. This work presents an explanation through a systemic analysis, considering factors such as the lack of consensus with regard to a decentralization model within the political elites, the vested interests of municipal and national public labor unions, and the lack of local resources and managerial capabilities, which in turn reinforces the lack of will of the central powers to delegate attributions, resources and decision making power.

From this starting point, a proposal is made to enhance the effectiveness of the decentralization process in Chile, and some “lessons learned” eventually applicable to other countries in Latin America are shown.

 

Key words: Decentralization; State Reform; Historical Analysis; Diagnose; Proposal; Chile

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